Monday, January 20, 2020

Diabetes :: essays research papers

  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Since diabetes is such a complex disease with many different forms, I decided to focus on diabetes type I. This is known as insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). This type of diabetes includes people who are dependant on injections of insulin on a daily basis in order to satisfy the bodies insulin needs, they cannot survive without these injections.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  In order to understand the disease you need to know about insulin. Insulin is a hormone. The role of insulin is to convert the food we eat into various useful substances, discarding everything that is wasteful.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  It is the job of insulin to see that the useful substances are put to best use for our well-being. The useful substances are used for building cells, are made ready for immediate expenditure as energy and also stored for later energy expenditure. Insulin comes from the beta cells which are located in the pancreas. In the case of diabetes type I almost all of the beta cells have been destroyed. Therefore daily injections of insulin become essential to life.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  The cause of diabetes is an absolute or lack of the hormone insulin. As a result of this lack of insulin the processes that involve converting the foods we eat into various useful substances does not occur.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  One of the products that is of vital importance in our bodies is glucose, a simple carbohydrate sugar which is needed by virtually every part of our body as fuel to function.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Insulin controls the amount of glucose distributed to vital organs and also the muscles. In diabetics due to the lack of insulin and therefore the control of glucose given to different body parts they face death if they don't inject themselves with insulin daily.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Since strict monitoring of diabetes is needed for the control of the disease, little room is left for carelessness. As a result, diabetic patients are susceptible to many other diseases and ser-ious conditions if a proper course of treatment is not followed.   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Other diseases a diabetic is open to: Cardiovascular disease, stroke, Peripheral artery disease, gangrene, kidney disease, blindness, hypertension, nerve damage, impotence etc.

Sunday, January 12, 2020

Comparing The Golden Pathway Annual to Blue Remembered Hills Essay

In the autumn term of 2006 I performed as Enid and The Head in The Golden Pathway Annual, a play by John Harding & John Burrows, for my scripted performance. The class was split into groups of three (which was very fitting as in The Golden Pathway Annual most scenes have only three characters, only the odd few scenes had four) and then given different extracts from the play. My group was exceptionally conscious in keeping the props, costumes and especially acting appropriate to the time period, so some brief research was done using the Internet to give us a better understanding of, for example, what statuses the mother and father would have in relation to each other, or what costumes should be worn. Obviously, a reading of the entire play was done prior to any rehearsals, so that the scenes that we would be performing made sense to us. We also read through Blue Remembered Hills, by Dennis Potter, as a class. The Golden Pathway Annual is almost completely non-naturalistic. The same actor plays Michael, the lead role, throughout all his ages – from the age of two-and-a-half into his adulthood. Also, two of the four actors play a range of characters, as opposed to one actor playing one character, as they would in a naturalistic play. At first glances, Blue Remembered Hills would seem to be a non-naturalistic play. Firstly, the characters are all children, whereas all the actors are adults, similar to The Golden Pathway Annual, where an adult actor would play the role of the child Michael. However, the scenarios in Blue Remembered Hills are completely naturalistic – everything that happens could happen in real life. In contrast, The Golden Pathway Annual has moments, such as the fantasy sequences, where Michael is a dog with members of the Famous Five, which are evidently not naturalistic. The other very naturalistic thing about Blue Remembered Hills is that the play is in ‘real-time’ – â€Å"one incident after another without the imposition or intervention of memory in the form of flashback† in Potter’s words. The play is set in one day, unlike The Golden Pathway Annual, which spans a time period of more than 20 years – there is even an instance in the beginning where the transition between two scenes indicates the change of several years, where a child had been born and raised to the age of two-and-a-half – not naturalistic in the slightest. The emotions in Blue Remembered Hills are very naturalistic. This is because the play shows realistic emotions and how the different characters would react, for instance when Donald dies towards the end, all the characters are â€Å"badly shaken†. If the emotions were non-naturalistic, such as in a comic style, the emotions would portray Donald’s death as humorous. The Golden Pathway Annual also has very naturalistic, touching moments, such as: Enid: What’s going to happen to us? George: When? Enid: When we die. Enid feels upset and slightly pessimistic now that Michael has left home, a natural reaction for a mother to feel. George, in the following lines, tries to be brave and attempts to convince Enid she’s â€Å"not talking sense† – an also natural thing for a husband to do. A noticeable difference between the two plays is the themes. The Golden Pathway Annual mainly has the theme of expectations, where Michael is pressured throughout his life, by his parents and by his school. He works hard, however this is only to find that all he worked for amounted to nothing. The main theme of Blue Remembered Hills is, in my opinion, childhood (other people may think differently – it depends on a person’s interpretation). The play goes through the emotions and activities of children, with an ending showing how all fun and games can end in catastrophe. Basing the two plays on their main themes, it could be said that they are divergent, however the two plays have other themes, which do relate the two of them. Nostalgia seems to be portrayed in both of the plays. A sense of looking back can be seen in both Dennis Potter’s and Ed Thomason’s (the director of the first The Golden Pathway Annual productions) introductions; â€Å"Every event in the script which had sparked off a personal memory, a moment of recognition for me, would do the same for an audience† (Ed Thomason). It is clear that The Golden Pathway Annual was written with the intention of nostalgia and Blue Remembered Hills was written using Potter’s memories. Both the plays similarly experience the theme of fantasy, however one experiences it naturalistically and the other non-naturalistically. Blue Remembered Hills has times when the children will imagine they are Indians and cowboys, for instance, running through the forest wailing and shooting each other with their imaginary guns. This is naturalistic, as the audience sees the children â€Å"playing pretend†. The Golden Pathway Annual has non-naturalistic fantasy sequences. Michael’s fantasies are much more like dreams – the audience views a dream where Michael is a dog or is James Bond; it is not Michael pretending he is James Bond. Although Blue Remembered Hills was written for television, a successful stage adaptation has been made of it. A problem posed by this, which is overcome in different ways, depending on the production, is the staging. There is a section towards the end where there are instant transitions between inside a barn and outside a barn. On television, this is easy to do, however on stage this is harder. Therefore, the staging must be unnatural – the stage could be split, for instance. This is alike to The Golden Pathway Annual, where the staging is very unnatural – such as in a scene I performed – a â€Å"Granny’s footsteps† scene, where Michael’s parents advance on him in the ironic fashion of this child’s game. As a group, we decided to stage it abstractly, similarly to the way Blue Remembered Hills would be staged. The Golden Pathway Annual is set during the 1940s and 1960s. Our group established this time period in many ways; one was the way the two parents related. I performed as Enid in a way that allowed George to be the more dominant character, reflecting on the main beliefs of that time, that men still seemed to be the â€Å"superior† gender. The Golden Pathway Annual begins just after the war, whereas Blue Remembered Hills is set during the war. It is interesting to see that just the two years changes the historic period entirely, making the two plays acted very differently. There is a similarity in time periods between the plays, and that is that the time period is a given circumstance – it is set, and cannot be changed. The reason Blue Remembered Hills cannot be changed is quite obviously as it is during the war, and the context of the play wouldn’t make sense without the time period. The time period in The Golden Pathway Annual is essential to the characters, plot and emotions; without the time period, the nostalgia of the play would be lost. In addition, the production notes stress the time period heavily. One difference I notice about the style of how the two plays are written is the freedom the writers allow for the production, and what given circumstances there are. Blue Remembered Hills seems to be more flexible with how the play can be performed. Potter gives an option of what Willie can be doing in the first scene, whereas Harding & Burrows have much more strict given circumstances, where the props, as examples, are much more set – the placing of the two chairs (which are the props that create the illusion of many other items in the play) is stated. Society and culture is a significant difference between the two plays. The Peters family in The Golden Pathway Annual is of working class. The family was hard-hit by the war – literally; their house was bombed and they lost â€Å"everything†. Society in the times of the beginning of when The Golden Pathway Annual is set had the popular belief that the future would get better, the high hopes due to the recent winning of the war. It was also believed that the young generation should make the best of what they have offered to them, a culture reflected deeply into Enid and George’s parenting, which is shown through all the pressure applied on Michael to do well at school and get good qualifications, so he can succeed in life. However, as the play progresses, we see that cultures change and Michael finds that â€Å"like the pound, his degree has devalued†. The class and culture are both very different in Blue Remembered Hills. The children spit, threaten and fight regularly in the play, something that Michael is never known to have experienced. Michael is always made presentable, as his parents believe that they need to fit in with the society. It is likely that the same case occurs in Blue Remembered Hills, however the culture is different – the entire town is likely to be of the â€Å"lower† agricultural class, working on the farms; the way the children behave is normal in the society they are in. It is clear that the upbringing of the children in Blue Remembered Hills is not to get a degree and do well in life and to better themselves, as Michael is in The Golden Pathway Annual; the children are parented in a sort of ‘the present matters’ mentality, in contrast to The Golden Pathway Annual where Enid and George have firm beliefs that it is the future that matters, and that everything is done for a child to better themselves in the future. In conclusion, I have learnt that although the two plays are very different in where they are set and the way the characters behave, similarities still lie in the themes and some of the styles, such as staging.

Saturday, January 4, 2020

Gangs A Problem That Society Faces - 2622 Words

Gangs: A problem that Society faces The roaring 20s was known as period in American history that was known for its extravagant parties, prohibition, and illegal speakeasies. It was a period where criminals joined together to sell and transport illegal liquor. Every gang wanted a piece of the action which led to an increase in violence during this time. Little did America know that this issue of gang violence would affect present day America 100 years later. A report from the 2011 National Gang Threat Assessment stated that, â€Å"There are approximately 1.4 million active street, prison, and OMG (outlaw motorcycle gangs) gang members comprising more than 33,000 gangs in the United States.† Gang violence still plagues America nearly after 100 years since the first gangs formed back in the 1920s; however, Gangs today are much different than the 1920 because of the use of updated weapons and different criminal activities that gangs have ventured into. Gang violence has not only expanded into a worldwide issue, but it has gotten worse because of the extreme measures that gang members are willing go. According to C. Wright Mills’ Social Imagination Theory is the ability of seeing the relationship from someone’s personal problem and how it affects larger society (Kendall 6). This theory is also true for people who face gang violence because is not just a problem that ghettos face; moreover, gang violence has become a worldwide social problem that is becoming unstoppable that no oneShow MoreRelatedSociety’s Needs for Criminal Justice Practitioners Essay1046 Words   |  5 Pages Criminal justice practitioners are necessary for a civilized society. Without those who form boundaries to our freedom, and the ones that reinforce those laws, our community would be chaos. Some of the main social issues our society faces are drug abuse, gang violence, child abuse, and terrorism. The criminal justice practitioners face these types of issues daily . These professionals must act on the morals and laws stated by society rather than their own opinions, sometimes facing hard decisionsRead MoreTheory of Delinquency1458 Words   |  6 PagesDeviant sub-cultural theories of crime focus on subcultures, i.e. groups within wider society with norms, lifestyles and values distinct from those of mainstream society. The focus in sub-cultural theories is on delinquency. In the UK, a preoccupation with the idea that future crime was determined by juvenile delinquency came about as a result of the 1895 UK Gladstone Committee, wherein research focused on gang culture among young males (aged 16-25). Deviance is perceived by sub-cultural theoristsRead MoreViolence Is An Everyday Act That We Have Seen In Society,1588 Words   |  7 Pagesseen in society, and in result has become a problem. 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Symbolic interactionism is an essential part of a stable society and is very apparent in the novel Gang Leader For A Day by Sudhir Venkatesh, where the author is a rogue sociologist who is researching and collecting data on a po verty stricken society known asRead MoreLocked Down: Gangs in the Supermax by Michael Montgomery Essay1160 Words   |  5 Pages Pelican Bay Supermax Pelican Bay Supermax After listening to and or reading the transcripts of Locked Down: Gangs in the Supermax by Michael Montgomery, one gets a glimpse of prison life, sociological issues inmates and staff face, and the subculture of prison life faced by staff and prisoners alike on a daily basis. However, instead of delving completely in to the situational circumstances of prisoner life, it is more important to understand the history of this Supermax prison and why it

Friday, December 27, 2019

1984 Love and Freedom Can Be Crushed - 860 Words

Sigmund Freud once wrote, â€Å"Unexpressed emotions will never die. They are buried alive and will come forth later in uglier ways.† This can be seen in Georg Orwell’s 1984, which depicts an all-poweul totalitarian society where the government, knowen as the Party or Big Brother, has complete control over the people. Our protagonist, Winston, despises the Party, and secretly rebels by writing his seditious thoughts in a secret diary. To rebel, he starts a covert affair with Julie, another person that also despises the party, and joins the Brotherhood, secret organization devoted to overthrowing the Party, but is later captured by the Party. At first he resists but when faced with torture, Winston immediately betrays his lover, Julia. He†¦show more content†¦Here Orwell again uses a metaphor to emphasize the violence and hardship of obtaining love in Winston’s world. This emphasis implies that love is hard to obtain, especially in Oceania, where it is f orbidden. Therefore the passage reveals that to love some requires as setting where love is encouraged, and not repressed. After love is obtained, it can only survive if it has freedom. In the middle of the novel, Orwell depicts Winston and Julia making love in an old hotel room. He writes: Dirty or clean the room was paradise. As soon as they arrived they would sprinkle everything with pepper bought on the black market tear, off their clothes and make love with sweating bodies, then fall asleep and wake to find that the bugs rallied and were massing for the counter attack (150). Here Orwell uses metaphor to emphasize how unoppressed Winston felt despite his constricted surroundings. Making love with Julia was a sign of rebellion against the party and demonstrating his freedom, making him feel joyful. This emphasis implies that his happiness came from the freedom he felt while making love. Therefore, this reveals to us that you have to be free or feel free to be in love, and can not be restricted or bound by rules. Although love and freedom both require each other, they can not coexist in a totalitarian government that has intolerance for independence and rules. Toward the middle of the novel, Orwell depicts WinstonShow MoreRelatedBig Brother Is Watching You1106 Words   |  5 Pages AP US Government Mrs. Bradshaw 25 August 2014 Big Brother is Watching You 1984 is a novel that takes place in a Totalitarian dystopia named Oceania. The story follows a member of this futuristic society named Winston Smith, who is strongly opposed to the omniscient and oppressive â€Å"Big Brother† who runs the country. Winston works for the government in a division called the Ministry of Truth. He is responsible for altering history in the government’s favor. The government attempts to control theRead MoreEssay On Totalitarianism 19841300 Words   |  6 PagesAchieving Totalitarianism in 1984 Before the concept of government existed mankind still attempted to gain dominance over one another. Once the concept was developed governments remained consistent in their attempts to gain control of their people and world domination. Adolf Hitler and other dictators were prime examples of totalitarianism â€Å"attempting to control every aspect of its subjects, viewing any sign of independence as treasonous centralized party† ( Quinn 1). Along came â€Å"historical catastrophesRead MoreThe Real-Life Counterparts of 1984s Oceania Essay1616 Words   |  7 Pages Adolf Hitler and Joseph Stalin are household names, but what about the more obscure individuals Muammar Qaddafi, Xi Jinping, and Kim Jong-un? George Orwell used 1984 as a prediction of what could happen if the fascism in Nazi Germany and Soviet Russia persisted. The dystopian, fascist government that exists in 1984 resembles the governments in the real-life, modern-day countries of Libya, China, and North Korea. The government in Orwell’s Oceania is fascist, causing citizens like Winston andRead MoreGeneral Commentary of 1984 by George Orwell1514 Words   |  7 PagesGeneral Commentary of 1984 by George Orwell George Orwells dystopian (a fictional place where people lead dehumanized and fearful lives) vision of the year 1984, as depicted in what many consider to be his greatest novel, has entered the collective consciousness of the English-speaking world more completely than perhaps any other political text, whether fiction or nonfiction. No matter how far our contemporary world may seem from 1984s Oceania, any suggestion of government surveillanceRead MorePleasantville961 Words   |  4 Pagesportray individuals who challenge the established values of their time. It is impossible for the individual who values freedom to be exultant in a society that is underpinned by rigid conformity. In the Novel â€Å"Nineteen Eighty Four† by George Orwell, a totalitarian future society is portrayed, through a man whose daily work is rewriting history and tries to rebel by falling in love. Whereas The film â€Å"Pleasantville† directed by Gary Ross, Two teenagers find themselves in a 1950’s sitcom where theirRead More1984 - Character Development Requires a Conflict Essay2281 Words   |  10 Pages1984 Essay – by Len Farag In â€Å"1984† by George Orwell, the main character, Winston is in conflict in nearly every page of the book. He is in constant surveillance by the Party. He has also, as the text describes, had problems with his relationship with Katherine, in the past. With the rule of the Party, comes the constant control of the omnipresent, Big Brother. He controls everything, from living conditions to how much chocolate is allowed to be given to any member of Oceania. There is also theRead MoreEssay on Democracy Versus Totalitarianism in George Orwells 19842085 Words   |  9 PagesDemocracy Versus Totalitarianism in George Orwells 1984 Winston Smith lived in a world of lies, chaos, and disorder. His uniform was shabby and living space cold and dirty. Changing the past to suit the present was his job where he worked, the Ministry of Truth. One day, he encountered a beautiful young woman of about 26 years of age and instantly fell in love. Little did he know that she would be the one who would end his life. He dreams of sleeping with her but fears that he would be capturedRead MoreEssay on Analysis of George Orwells 19844218 Words   |  17 PagesOrwells 1984 War Is Peace. Freedom Is Slavery. Ignorance Is Strength. The party slogan of Ingsoc illustrates the sense of contradiction which characterizes the novel 1984. That the book was taken by many as a condemnation of socialism would have troubled Orwell greatly, had he lived to see the aftermath of his work. 1984 was a warning against totalitarianism and state sponsored brutality driven by excess technology. Socialist idealism in 1984 had turned to a total loss of individual freedom in exchangeRead MoreAlienation in 19841861 Words   |  8 PagesAlienation In 1984 In the novel 1984 by George Orwell there are many causes which lead to Winston Smith’s alienation. Winston lives in the dystopian society known as Oceania, which is controlled by the â€Å"Party† and a dictator named â€Å"Big Brother.† â€Å"Big Brother† watches over and controls the thoughts and actions of the citizens in Oceania. Winston feels oppressed by the control of the â€Å"Party†. The actions of the â€Å"Party† affect Winston and lead him to feel alienated. To alienate is to makeRead MoreChapter One : Down With Big Brother3355 Words   |  14 PagesHannah Gates Mrs. Carlson Pre AP English II 3 August 2015 Assignment 1 1984 Book One, Chapter One: Down With Big Brother Summary: We are introduced to the world in which Winston Smith lives, Winston shows his discontent towards Big Brother through his illegal diary, and he realizes he might not be alone in his rebellion towards Big Brother. 1984 Book One, Chapter Two: Thoughtcrime IS Death Summary: Winston helps his neighbor, Parsons, whose children accuse him of being a thoughtcriminal and

Wednesday, December 18, 2019

The Theology Of Thomas Aquinas - 1157 Words

Thomas Aquinas was a one of the few philosophers to interpret the theology as a whole distinguishing the difference between theology and philosophy by explaining Law in general in a detailed account and focusing on kinds of law which he classified as Eternal, Human, Divine and Natural law. Aquinas suggests in order for law to be understood some reasoning has to be provided which is why as a philosopher what he explained could not provoke Christian beliefs, but establish a relationship between theory and religion. As a philosopher he understands and describes law as being influenced by certain actions that man chooses to act upon or refrain from, which is entirely up to us or as he may put it, an ordered rule. Because of this assumption†¦show more content†¦For these laws to be effective and understood he explains the essence of law breaking it down into three important aspects; Reason a superior order, Common Good some sort of satisfaction through law (not suggesting he doesn t care) and One who has care in the sense that in the community trust is put into the hands of someone of higher authority who has common good as their main objective. Eternal Law is considered a law by Aquinas in the sense that since God being the creator of the universe, every command will be passed as God understands it and will stand in its eternal form becoming eternal law. Thomas has portrayed art of eternal law being community ruled through divine reasoning provided by God meaning his reasoning must have a proper and perfect order making it eternal. Since Thomas has used an organizational structure as I explained previously, Divine Law being based on revelation and extracted from Eternal Law, we learn how the bible has worked in correspondence with Divine law mainly because of how it is split into Old and New Law similar to the Old Testament and New Testament in the bible. To my understanding Aquinas bases his facts about the Old law on the Ten Commandments with an assumption that humans are driven by the fear and the rewards expected to be benefited from obeying the Law whereas the New

Tuesday, December 10, 2019

Healthcare management Obtain Medicaid and Government Payments

Questions: 1. Since JCAHO accreditation is voluntary, why do many hospitals pursue it?.2. What advantages / disadvantages might there be for hospitals that choose not to pursue JCAHO accreditation?. Answer: 1. JCAHO accreditation Every hospital must achieve this certification to obtain Medicaid and any government payments as it would be difficult to serve without getting government aid. These certifications help in quick sanction of insurances. Advantages- A hospital receiving this accreditation is indicative of a quality organization and holding high standards. This certification informs that the pharmacy, nursing services, nurses and the laboratory work are competent and reflects their proficiency in tasks and honesty of organization. JCAHO approved hospitals strive hard to maintain first rate working conditions and have the best staff. Disadvantages- Hospitals who do not continue such work are bound to lose accreditation or when it is found to hold dangerous equipment that is a threat to the public health. It ultimately decreases the confidence of the clients (Jost, 1982). 2. A survey was conducted by the author on (St. Anthony Medical center, 1201 South MaIndiana Street Crown PoIndianat, Indiana 46307-8483) and upon interrogating the supervisor, administrators, doctors of the hospital the following information was given- They were always inspection ready, maintained loyalty; equipment was safe and monitored on regular basis They maintained a patient-centered approach and never compromised with quality They recruited highly qualified healthcare professional from different parts of world It failed to achieve the approval twice, but it was successful the third time as it maintained strict compliance with rules. Initially, there was free trial version They organized low cost educational seminars for the public and fundraising drives It got plus points for every measure on quality report ("Franciscan St. Anthony Health in Crown Point, IN | US News Best Hospitals", 2016) References Franciscan St. Anthony Health in Crown Point, IN | US News Best Hospitals. (2016). Health.usnews.com. Retrieved 22 May 2016, from https://health.usnews.com/best-hospitals/area/in/franciscan-st-anthony-health-6420225 Jost, T. S. (1982). Joint Commission on Accreditation of Hospitals: Private Regulation of Health Care and the Public Interest, The.BCL Rev.,24, 835.

Tuesday, December 3, 2019

Social Media in Enhancing Social Relationships and Happiness

Introduction A defining characteristic of the 21st century has been the invention of many novel technologies which have changed the way in which human beings operate.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Social Media in Enhancing Social Relationships and Happiness specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More One aspects of human life which has been profoundly impacted by technological advancement is communication. Communication has been transformed by technology and by social networking tools which have become very popular attracting millions of users all over the world. Arguments have been advanced that social media and technology have a negative impact on relationships since they decrease intimacy. This paper will argue that social media and technology play a crucial role in enhancing social relationships and happiness. The paper will demonstrate that social media helps people to maintain their primary relationships and hence h as a positive impact on happiness. Technology Enhancing Relationships Technology and social media have assisted people to communicate more efficiently and frequently than was possible in the past. This is a good attribute since Communication is the cornerstone on which all successful relationships are built. Social media and technology assist to foster and maintain relationships where the people live in different geographical regions. Through these tools, people from different countries are able to interact and socialize with relative ease. Mukherjee reveals that technology such as the phone enables her to stay in touch with her sister who lives far away. This contact is very important since it enables them to enhance their deep relationship (413). Without technology and social media, communication between people who live far away would be rare. It would therefore be harder to foster intimacy and the relationships would therefore suffer. Social media and technology enables people to communicate better by helping them overcome setbacks that are inherent in traditional means of communication. Research indicates that the anonymity which is afforded by online communication gives confidence to people with low self-confidence in real life (Griffiths and Hussain 564). As such, people who are unlikely to create relationships in the real world can do that through social media tools. Wright suggests that the distance associated with online communication creates a feeling of safety that enables people to make connections that they would not on a face-to-face scenario (433). Social media assists individuals to experiment with positive communication styles such as assertiveness.Advertising Looking for essay on social sciences? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Social media may result in the enhancement of social lives by giving people who would never have met an opportunity to do so. While it is true that friendships i n social networks may appear shallow, the tools enable people to socialize and keep in touch with friends whom they would really interact with in real life. People are therefore given the opportunity to maintain friendships which would otherwise wither away without these tools. Social media also enables people to widen their circles of friends since it is easy to meet and befriend new people online. In the online environment, relationships can be strong since they are based on interests and personal attributes rather than physical attributes or even social standings (Albrechtslund 25). These relationships can then grow to become strong primary relationships. Negative Impacts on Relationships Social media assists in the forging of social bonds. Even so, the bonds forged online are not as strong as those made through face-to-face contact. Wright reveals that the internet results in people declaring friendships on the basis of very flimsy connections (433). This is true since sites lik e Facebook enable people to be friends with people whom they do not communicate with or even share any interests with. In addition to this, social media results in the creation of many shallow relationships as opposed to having a few meaningful relationships in the real world. The intimacy that is present in the primary relationships is therefore lost because of social media. There is a major concern that social media and technology poses a threat to the traditional fabric of effective communication. This threat is manifest in a number of ways. To begin with, social media reduces the time that would be spent on face-to-face communication. Wright asserts that the more time people spend engaged in their online relationship the less time they spend in their real relationships (433). The real relationships therefore suffer as people use time and effort on the many online relationships which are mostly shallow. Another way in which social media negatively affects traditional communicatio n is because online communication makes excessive usage of shorthand and informal speech patterns. Wright states that such a trend may affect how we relate to each other in the offline world with negative effects (433). Conclusion Social networking tools have gained great relevance in contemporary society, and are today an integral part of communication for many people. Without social media and technology, interactions between people would be limited and this would result in less happiness.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Social Media in Enhancing Social Relationships and Happiness specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More From the arguments presented in this paper, it is clear that technology has had a great impact on human communication. From this paper, it can be authoritatively stated that social media and technology have had a positive impact on communication and by extension the relationships between individuals. W orks Cited Albrechtslund, Anders. â€Å"Online social networking as participatory surveillance†. First Monday, 13.3 (2008): 23-27. Griffiths, Mark and Hussain Zaheer. â€Å"Use of Massively Multi-Player Online Role-Playing Games: A Pilot Study†. Int J Ment Health Addiction 7.5 (2009): 563–571. Mukherjee, Bharati. â€Å"Two ways to belong in America.† Patterns for college writing. Ed. Kirzner, Laurie and Mandell Stephhen. Boston: Bedford/St. Marin Press, 2001. Print. Wright, Alex. â€Å"Friending, Ancient or Otherwise.† Patterns for college writing. Ed. Kirzner, Laurie and Mandell Stephhen. Boston: Bedford/St. Marin Press, 2001. Print. This essay on Social Media in Enhancing Social Relationships and Happiness was written and submitted by user Shiva to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.